Hello everyone! In making up my training program, I was wondering what are some people's opinions on problem-specific versus holistic drills/exercises. I define them as following: - Problem-Specific Training : Giving a particular emphasis on specific weaknesses or shots, such as improving the backhand, increasing power with the smash, serve.. etc. In the case of working on a shot only that shot is practised, or in the case of practising movement only a certain direction is practised (for that specific drill). - Holistic (or Non-Specific) Training : A more general program that divides skills more broadly such that drills would be classified as "offence" or "defence" or "running-around-chasing-the-bird-on-the-singles-court." In such cases, the person practising would be practising many shots and movements at a time. The way I see it, problem-specific training is useful for beginner-intermediate that are still learning the game. These types of drills often reduce complicated techniques into simpler variations, allowing the person to focus on the key parts of the techniques they are practising. Also, players can do these types of exercises to make their game more "well-rounded" by eliminating relative weaknesses in their game. Conversely, holistic would be useful for advanced-competive players, since these exercises would require a decent existing repertoire of shots, and would instead work at using combinations of these shots in game-like situations. This would train some skills like vision, decision-making, deception, and the making of shots under less than ideal situations. The issue becomes more complicated when you consider the benefits of holistic training in beginner-level training situations. I read some e-books at the http://books.nap.edu national academy press website which discuss the general effects of specific versus non-specific training on learning and retention. They essentially show that while initial gains are more significant for specific exercises, final overall retention of a learned skill is higher for non-specific exercises. What consequences might this have in coaching where students expect improvements and might think non-specific exercises are too "laissez-faire" to be worth their investment in coaching sessions? Anyways, I'm interested in seeing what other badminton players think about these interesting (and pertinent) issues in training.