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  1. #6087
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    Default S'pore cheerleaders settle for 2nd place in Tokyo contest

    Posted: 21 May 2012 1124 hrs


    Singapore's national cheerleading squad in action in Tokyo (photo: Olivia Siong)


    SINGAPORE: Singapore finished second in the main team event at the Cheerleading Asia International Open Championships in Tokyo.

    Chinese Taipei emerged the winner after two days of intense competition, with Thailand taking third spot.

    Singapore's Team Lions could not close the eight-point gap which left them in second place after the first day of competition on Saturday.

    They trailed Chinese Taipei by a total of 21 points by the close of competition on Sunday.

    But the Lions proved strong in the stunts categories.

    The team emerged champions in the Group Stunts category and was placed second in the Partner Stunts event.

    - CNA/cc
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  2. #6088
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    Default 'To be part of us, your sons must serve NS'

    IPS study finds 7 in 10 Singaporeans saying that National Service is important to integration but fewer new citizens think so


    by Ng Jing Yng
    04:46 AM May 22, 2012

    SINGAPORE - For many male citizens, National Service (NS) has long been an integral part of what makes them Singaporean.

    And a recent study conducted by the Institute of Policy Studies (IPS) has shown that a large majority of Singaporeans born here - both men and women - see NS as an important factor in deciding whether to accept new citizens as part of them - more specifically, whether their sons perform their NS obligations.

    Interestingly, the study found a substantially lower proportion of foreign-born citizens who felt the same way.

    According to the researcher who led the study and other experts Today spoke to, the gap in perceptions raises larger policy implications and ought to be addressed.

    The findings of the IPS study, which involved about 1,000 Singaporeans born here and another 1,000 foreign-born Singaporeans, were released yesterday: Seven in 10 of the Singaporeans born here said it was important that the son of a new immigrant complete NS, when it comes to "deciding if an immigrant will be accepted and viewed like other local-born Singaporean citizens".

    In contrast, 43 per cent of the foreign-born citizens surveyed felt so.

    The study, led by IPS research fellow Leong Chan-Hoong, was conducted between July and December 2010.

    Door-to-door interviews were conducted with participants. A quota sampling method was used to ensure the sample was representative and only one person per household was interviewed for the study.

    While there were perception gaps in other areas - including relationships with workplace colleagues and the ability to speak conversational English which were deemed more important by Singaporeans born here, compared to foreign-born Singaporeans - the biggest "incongruence" was the views on the importance of NS in terms of integration.

    Said Dr Leong: "The areas of incongruence are the areas for potential flash points as this is where we see the greatest gaps between the two groups (of participants)."

    Dr Leong said he was not surprised by the large discrepancy in views on the importance of NS. He noted that Singapore-born participants see performing NS duties as a "symbolic" gesture of integration into the Singapore society.

    The findings provide policymakers some food for thought and Dr Leong suggested that the authorities consider disallowing second-generation Permanent Residents (PRs) from renouncing their PR status to avoid serving NS. There should also be greater transparency in terms of the number of foreign-born citizens who has served NS, Dr Leong said.

    He also felt that the issue of NS must be emphasised heavily in the PR-selection process so that the applicants will be fully aware of their obligations and rights upon receiving PR status.

    The Ministry of Defence (MINDEF) had recently reiterated - in reply to readers' letters published in newspapers - that (NS) is "mandatory for PRs, just as it is for Singaporeans".

    Those who renounce their PR status will face the "adverse consequences" when they subsequently apply to study or work in Singapore, it added.

    It is understood that PRs who renounce their PR status would unlikely be granted PR again in Singapore and they would not be able to obtain a work visa here.

    First-generation PRs who are able to contribute to Singapore economically immediately upon the grant of PR status are administratively exempted from NS, according to MINDEF.

    Dr Leong, who presented his findings at an IPS seminar, reiterated during the seminar: "The hard truth is that NS imposes a great sacrifice not just on national servicemen but also on the families ... citizenship should come with some kind of privileges ... (but) it is then only fair that the (second-generation PRs) should contribute to Singapore by means of performing NS."

    Noting that one-third of second generation male PRs gave up their PR status before serving NS, Dr Leong suggested that parents who want to apply for PR for their children should have to put up a security bond for them.

    Speaking to Today, National University of Singapore sociologist Tan Ern Ser reiterated that "doing NS is not just an indicator of integration, but an indicator of fairness of treatment, something which local-born (Singaporeans) consider important in regard to our immigration policy".

    Associate Professor Tan, who is also a faculty associate at IPS, said that removing the option for second-generation PRs to renounce their PR status before serving NS "would put PRs on par with citizens in terms of NS liability". "It would eradicate the feeling of unfair treatment in this aspect," he said.

    Nominated Member of Parliament Eugene Tan, however, pointed out that it is important to consider the keen competition for high-quality immigrants before making any policy changes. Noting that many Singaporeans view NS as an act of loyalty, he suggested that the Government enforce the "adverse consequences" more strictly for those who renounce their PR status before serving NS.

    Some member of the public have also suggested community service in lieu of NS for first generation PRs but the experts felt that such a move could backfire as community service could be perceived as an easy way out.


    Some of the findings
    by Ng Jing Yng

    In deciding whether an immigrant will be accepted and viewed like other local-born Singaporeans,


    - 69% of citizens born here felt that having a child complete National Service is important, but only 43% of foreign-born citizens think so

    - 75% of citizens born here felt having good relations with colleagues is important, but only 51% of foreign-born citizens think so

    - 78% of citizens born here felt that having gainful employment is important, but only 55% of foreign-born citizens think so

    - 71% of citizens born here felt being able to speak conversational English is important, but only 49% of foreign-born citizens think so

  3. #6089
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    Default Singapore's 'vulnerability' may play a part in how citizens view immigrants

    by Tan Weizhen
    04:46 AM May 22, 2012

    SINGAPORE - How Singaporeans feel about immigrants today may have to do with the national narrative of succeeding against all odds, an academic suggested at an Institute of Policy Studies conference on integration yesterday.

    Dr Terence Chong, a senior fellow at the Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, said that the national message of Singapore being a vulnerable city-state may have spawned both beneficial and detrimental consequences.

    "It is partly because of these anxieties that we learnt to be competitive, open to globalisation and be alert to international trends," said Dr Chong, whose research areas include Singapore society and social and cultural resistance.

    However, this has also given rise to anxiety over competition, livelihood and losing limited natural and material resources, he said.

    And in turn, Singaporeans may have come to view immigrants as "leap frogs", "hungry immigrants" and "immigrant scroungers".

    A "leap frog" is a new citizen or permanent resident that Singaporeans feel has access to benefits without contributing to what Singapore has become today or doing national service, explained Dr Chong.

    The "hungry immigrant" leaves Singaporeans feeling inadequate in comparison - such as being not hungry enough or lacking certain skills.

    The "immigrant scroungers" are those perceived as merely using Singapore as a stepping stone to other countries like the United States.

    Acting Minister for Community Development, Youth and Sports Chan Chun Sing, who was the guest of honour at the conference, acknowledged at a separate session that a minority of immigrants could be using Singapore as a stepping stone.

    Mr Chan, who is also chairman of the National Integration Council, added: "But I hope there's a large enough core of Singaporeans that will stay with the team."

    Asked whether Singapore's narrative should be changed, Mr Chan said Singapore "'cannot run away from our geography and size", which is the Republic's inherent vulnerability.

    When asked if a tweaked National Education syllabus could help resolve immigration anxieties, Dr Chong said he was "pessimistic".

    "I argue that it's got to do with notions of fear of losing out ... scarce resources, limited space. These are things that cannot be wished away," he said.

    He agreed with an audience member that there is "politics of envy", alluding to the uproar over the case of the car crash involving a Chinese Ferrari driver.

    However, Dr Chong argued that Singaporeans generally did not expect rich immigrants or low-wage foreign workers to integrate.

    Instead, it is largely the middle-class immigrants on which people target their resentment, he said.

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    Default A better experience at Dragonfly Lake

    by Sara Grosse
    04:45 AM May 22, 2012

    Some S$2 million is being invested in state-of-the-art educational resources, with the installation of high-tech interactive media and educational programmes about aquatic life and horticulture around Dragonfly Lake for park visitors to Gardens by the Bay.

    The sponsorship by ExxonMobil is the single-largest community investment in Singapore. Mr S Iswaran, Minister in Prime Minister's Office and Second Minister for Trade and Industry, said Gardens by the Bay is expected to enhance Singapore's tourism industry:

    "It means an emphasis not merely on the number of visitors but perhaps even more importantly, on the quality of the visitor experience and how they remember their experience here."





    PHOTO COURTESY NATIONAL PARKS BOARD

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    Default Good reason for Bird Park to blow its horn

    Published on May 22, 2012


    Blue-throated macaw chicks are friendly and curious. But unlike other macaws, they rarely squawk or bite and will flee rather than fight when threatened. -- ST PHOTO: JASON QUAH



    By Sarah Giam

    There are only up to 150 blue-throated macaws in the wild and Jurong Bird Park has succeeded in breeding its first pair.

    Now about five months old, the two males can be observed at the weaning aviary in the park's Breeding & Research Centre (BRC).

    Jurong Bird Park said it is difficult to breed blue-throated macaws in captivity as they are very selective about their breeding environment and mates.

    The two fertile eggs - which hatched last Dec 17 and 23 - came about only after several infertile ones were laid and after seven years of research.
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    Default Singapore has 3rd lowest employment risk

    But study of 131 cities also cites 3 trends as dampeners in talent development


    Published on May 22, 2012



    By TOH YONG CHUAN

    In the Asia-Pacific region, Singapore presents the lowest hiring-related risks to employers, says a human resource consultancy.

    A study by Aon Hewitt has ranked Singapore third, behind New York and Toronto, on its list of the world's 10 cities with the lowest employment risks.

    Aon Hewitt's study of 131 cities said such risks to employers can come from, for example, not being able to find enough people for available positions, or a government instituting policies that stand in the way of hiring the right talent for the job.



    Background story

    TOP 10

    THE cities with the lowest employment risks:

    1. New York

    2. Toronto

    3. Singapore

    4. Montreal

    5. London

    6. Los Angeles

    7. Boston

    8. Chicago

    9. Vancouver

    10. Copenhagen

    Source: Aon Hewitt

  7. #6093
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    Default Collection of Syariah law rulings to be published

    Six-volume box set will ease lawyers' case research work

    Published on May 22, 2012


    By JESSICA LIM

    Rifling through stacks of documents in search of landmark cases may soon be a thing of the past for syariah lawyers.

    Instead, they will be able to turn to a handy collection of past judgments.

    For the first time in Singapore, the official grounds of decisions delivered by the Appeals Board are to be published.

    The collection - which goes on sale at the start of next month - includes cases that have passed through the Syariah Court and the Registry of Muslim Marriages over the past 30 years.

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    Default New cruise centre to add 3,000 jobs

    by Vimita Mohandas
    04:46 AM May 23, 2012

    SINGAPORE - Once fully operational, the Marina Bay Cruise Centre Singapore, Singapore's second cruise terminal (picture), is expected to generate some 3,000 jobs in the tourism sector.

    Costing about S$500 million, the 28,000 sq m facility can handle about 6,800 passengers at any one time.

    The cruise centre at Marina South will double Singapore's berthing capacity and will cater to the world's largest cruise ships.

    Second Minister for Trade and Industry and Home Affairs and Minister in the Prime Minister's Office S Iswaran said yesterday this is a key infrastructure for Singapore's tourism strategy.

    He added that with continued growth, he expects the number of cruise passengers to hit about 1.5 million in three to five years.

    "In Asia, we account for less than 10 per cent of the overall cruise business. What that suggests is that we have significant scope," he said.

    Mr Iswaran said: "We look forward to welcoming more and bigger cruise ships. Singapore will continue to work with regional governments to develop new cruising itineraries and attract more cruise lines to deploy to this region."

    The cruise centre is expected to open to the public in the second half of this year.








    Marina Bay Cruise Centre Singapore. Photo by Wee Teck Hian, 22 May 2012.

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    Default Singapore's new cruise terminal ready for ships

    Marina Bay terminal off to a slow start because of lull season


    Published on May 23, 2012


    Singapore's second cruise terminal, which cost $500 million to build, named Marina Bay Cruise Centre Singapore. -- ST PHOTO: RAJ NADARAJAN


    By Jessica Lim

    Singapore's new cruise terminal has only eight visits by ships lined up between now and August, but the man at the helm remains unfazed.

    'We are not worried at all, far from it,' said Mr Melvin Vu on Tuesday.

    The 34-year-old - who is chief executive of the firm that operates the new development - pointed out that it is lull season for the industry. He added: 'We expect many more ships to dock at the terminal come October, when peak season starts.'

    The $500 million Marina Bay Cruise Centre Singapore is designed to cater for bigger ships than the existing terminal at HarbourFront.
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    Default Singapore to host 23rd International Biology Olympiad

    Posted: 23 May 2012 1011 hrs


    The logo of the 23rd International Biology Olympiad, Singapore.


    SINGAPORE: Singapore will be hosting the prestigious International Biology Olympiad for the first time from July 8 to 15.

    Over 260 of the world's most promising pre-university biology students and 182 officials from 65 countries are expected to gather here.

    At the competition, students are challenged to work through stimulating and novel biology problems and experiments.

    The International Biology Olympiad aims to promote a career in science for talented students and to stress the importance of biology in society.

    The event is into its 23rd year.

    Singapore was involved in the International Biology Olympiad as an observer country in 2000 and first took part in the competition in 2001, winning two gold and two silver medals.

    It came in 3rd out of 39 participating countries, an unprecedented performance for a first-time participant.

    The Singapore team is mentored by a team of academics from the National Institute of Education and National University of Singapore, coordinated by the Singapore Institute of Biology.

    Singaporean President Tony Tan will open the competition at Nanyang Technological University on July 8.

    - CNA/wm
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    Default S'pore is Asia's top convention city for 10th straight year

    Posted: 22 May 2012 1334 hrs


    This general view shows the financial business district in Singapore (background) with the ArtScience Museum in the foreground. (AFP photo/Roslan Rahman)


    SINGAPORE: Singapore has maintained its pole position as Asia's top convention city for the 10th consecutive year, according to the latest global rankings by the International Congress and Convention Association.

    Singapore also retained its spot as the only Asian city in the top five convention cities in the world alongside Vienna, Barcelona, Paris and Berlin, since 2006.

    Singapore welcomed a record 13.2 million visitors last year. Business visitors formed 24 per cent of total visitorship to Singapore, with the number of business visitors rising 2.6 per cent to 3.2 million.

    Expenditure by these business travellers increased by 4.1 per cent to an estimated S$5.6 billion, or 25 percent of total tourism receipts.

    The Meetings, Incentives, Conventions and Exhibitions (MICE) industry saw a 46 per cent year-on-year growth in the number of conventions, conferences and trade shows held in Singapore last year.

    Singapore Tourism Board's assistant chief executive, Neeta Lachmandas, said: "Our success can be attributed to several factors: a vibrant eco-system that nurtures business events of exceptional quality, the dynamic growth in Asia, and most importantly, the dedication of our MICE industry partners.

    "Looking ahead, Singapore aims to continue leveraging the growing opportunities in Asia and our strong knowledge network to further strengthen our position as a preferred MICE destination.

    "Singapore strives to differentiate itself by co-creating and developing a strong network of business events within Singapore's key priority industries.

    "Through close collaboration with professional industry partners and sustained efforts to develop the capabilities of Singapore's key industry clusters such as biomedical and healthcare; infocomm technologies; environment and energy; and banking and finance, STB serves to attract and develop flagship MICE events of international standing that reinforce Singapore's attractiveness as a leading MICE city."

    Inaugural events staged in Singapore last year included Cruise Shipping Asia, International Air Transport Association (IATA) Global Aviation Human Capital Summit and ScreenSingapore.

    Singapore will host 17 new world congresses from 2012 till 2016.

    These include the 52nd ACI World Congress in 2013, the World Federation of Engineering Organisations Congress 2013, the 36th World Diamond Congress in 2013 and the International Congress of the World Confederation for Physical Therapy 2015.

    - CNA/al
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    Default Formula One: Singapore approves $3.1 billion F1 float

    Published on May 22, 2012


    The Formula One IPO could raise as much as US$3 billion (S$3.8 billion), and is tipped to be one of the world's largest listings this year in a subdued global market. -- PHOTO: REUTERS



    SINGAPORE (AFP) - Formula One has been given the go-ahead for a US$2.5 billion (S$3.1 billion) share sale in Singapore, a source close to the deal told AFP on Tuesday, but analysts said conditions may not be ideal after Facebook's recent disappointment.

    Private equity firm CVC Capital Partners, which has a majority stake in the glitzy motor sport's holding company, will gauge interest among investors and fund managers with a view to selling part of its stake at the end of June.

    The source said the Singapore Exchange had approved a listing by Formula One, which has been rumoured for the past two months.

    A spokesman for the bourse, citing standard policy, said: 'It is not our practice to publicly comment on our dealings with listing aspirants.' Singapore hosts a popular Formula One night race, one of 20 stops on the F1 tour this year, and has a strong fanbase for the sport. This year's Singapore Grand Prix is scheduled for Sept 23.
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    Default Researchers in S'pore develop new plastic with less glare

    Updated 12:49 PM May 23, 2012


    SINGAPORE - Researchers in Singapore have developed a new plastic which could see TV viewers having wider viewing angles with less glare.

    The researchers from A*STAR's Institute of Materials Research and Engineering (IMRE) and their commercial partners have developed a new plastic that reflects just 0.09 to 0.2 per cent of the visible light hitting its surface.

    This matches or is better than existing anti-reflective and anti-glare plastics in the market, which typically reflect around 1 per cent of visible light.

    The plastics can be used in anything from TV displays, windows and solar cells.

    This plastic material is the first successful result of the IMRE-led Industrial Consortium On Nanoimprint, which partners local and overseas companies to promote the manufacturing of nanoimprint technology.

    "This is an exciting innovation - mimicking nature through the nanoimprint technology to solve real world problems. I am very pleased that the collaboration with industry has helped move this R&D from the laboratory to application in the industry, said Prof Andy Hor, IMRE's Executive Director.

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    Default Singapore to host ASEAN culture and arts ministerial meet

    Posted: 23 May 2012 1035 hrs


    ASEAN flag and flags of ASEAN member countries.


    SINGAPORE: Arts and culture ministers from ASEAN will be gathering in Singapore on Thursday for the fifth Meeting of ASEAN Ministers Responsible for Culture and the Arts.

    Singapore will be hosting the ministerial meet for the first time and will be designated as the ASEAN City of Culture for 2012-2013.

    Minister for Information, Communications and the Arts Yaacob Ibrahim will host his counterparts from Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam.

    The meeting aims to promote arts and culture, preserve cultural heritage and develop arts and cultural industries in 10-member grouping.

    The ASEAN Ministers will also meet with their counterparts from China, Japan and Korea as part of the AMCA+3 and AMCA+1 framework.

    In conjunction with the meeting, Singapore will stage the ASEAN Festival of the Arts featuring performers from the 10 ASEAN member states at the National Museum on Friday.

    - CNA/wm
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    Default If only the sky were the limit

    Singapore could be a city of lively social spaces in the sky - but for the restricted public access

    by Jason Pomeroy
    04:45 AM May 24, 2012

    Having studied in Cambridge, UK and having spent the majority of my childhood growing up in London, Singapore was far removed from the low-rise environment that I was used to.

    Granted that I had spent the previous 15 years of my working life living out of a suitcase in Amsterdam, Brussels and Bahrain, but even these cities could hardly compare to the high-rise nature of Singapore. Nevertheless, the idea of high-rise living, working and playing, and the notion of a vertical urbanism was something that I was all too familiar with academically and I relished the challenge to apply the very like in practice.

    Vertical urbanism is the concept of employing the "kit of parts" that makes the city work (for instance, the streets, the squares, the transport infrastructure, the landmarks and focal points, the green open recreational spaces, the diverse mix of buildings' uses to sustain one's everyday life), and applying vertically over the multiple layers of a high-rise/density city whilst integrating the very same with its horizontal cousin.

    Singapore is no stranger to this, and its post-colonial redevelopment saw the eradication of much of the centrally located low-rise colonial shophouses in order to make way for a "city of towers" for international institutions and the outlying villages cleared to make way for public housing.


    FROM THE GROUND TO THE SKY

    With this came the removal of many of the social spaces that afforded the individual a means of social interaction. While the hotel lobby and the retail mall provided an opportunity for transient, international groups of expatriates and tourists to escape the tropical climate via its air-conditioned confines, the open space of the void decks beneath the public housing blocks became the localised opportunity for social interaction for the re-located Singaporean.

    The incorporation of the efficient Mass Rapid Transport (MRT) system has created a greater cross-cultural interaction through a freedom of movement through the island. The urban vocabulary of the street and square, as well as the ground-scraping/subterranean social-spaces of the mall, the void deck and MRT system, are now being increasingly lifted to loftier heights in order to cater for physical and social growth and to address the depletion of social space through heightened densification.

    The Singaporean Government's advocacy of above ground-level social spaces within tall buildings allows us to see the traditional void deck being vertically extrapolated to form intermediary and/or rooftop social spaces through legislation and consequent guidelines in the form of skycourts and skygardens respectively.

    GARDENS ON HIGH

    Indeed, these skyward open social spaces, which are often densely foliated, have helped define Singapore as a Garden City.

    The Marina Bay Sands Skypark, and the many other examples of skycourts and skygardens, demonstrate Singapore's commitment to creating a vertical Garden City and a willingness to implement planning policy guidelines for onward physical realisation.

    Socially, the incorporation of such alternative social spaces in the sky is meant to complement the existing ground and subterranean open space network of street, square, void deck and the more alternative social spaces of the integrated retail mall and MRT concourse.

    With increasing densification and the continued move skywards, the rooftop garden should also allow open spaces to be used by its occupants of high-density environments and negate the need to go to the street level to engage in recreational activities.

    It also provides the opportunity for the visitor or local to be actors in their public interaction with others and to be spectators of a rapidly changing skyline.


    RESTRICTED ACCESS A PROBLEM

    However, the premise of creating sustainable designs within a new vertical urbanism isn't without scrutiny.

    A fundamental component of sustainability is the social element which, alongside the economic and environmental parameters, forms what academic Mark Mawhinney refers to as a balance theory of sustainable consciousness. The social efficiency of these alternative open spaces in the sky has yet to be fully tested to see whether they will be successful in the future.

    For instance, the Marina Bay Sands Skypark may prove successful given the succession of tourists that pass through each day, but there are stringent restrictions on the use of the space - above and beyond the already restricted "public" spaces on the ground, which are increasingly privatised spaces controlled by corporations and thus not truly "public".

    In this case, it could be argued that the freedom of passage, and the ability to use skycourts and skygardens, as one feels free to socialise in the street and square has yet to be fully embraced.

    Hopefully, the Government will continue to find legislative mechanisms to make these spaces more habitable. After all, if anyone has the tenacity and single-mindedness to create a world-class city-state in such a short period of time and lead by example in creating a vertical Garden City, surely this would be Singapore?



    Professor Jason Pomeroy is an award-winning architect and academic, and founding principal of Pomeroy Studio, a design studio of international architects, urbanists, designers and theorists. This is an extract from an article that appeared in the Singapore International Foundation's book aimed at bridging communities, Singapore Insights from the Inside.






    TODAY FILE PHOTO

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    Default Singapore F1 fireworks have lit up city

    S'pore organisers say night race's huge success surpasses expectations


    Published on May 24, 2012


    The stage is set for another sell-out Formula One event from Sept 21-23, which will be the 14th stop out of 20 this year. As usual, fans can expect another sparkling affair. Last year, fireworks lit up the night sky (above) over the brightly lit Marina Bay street circuit of the SingTel Singapore GP. -- ST PHOTO: TED CHEN


    By Terrence Voon, Sports Correspondent

    The next lap may be hazy, but organisers of Singapore's Formula One Grand Prix say the night race has been a rip-roaring success that surpassed their initial ambitions five years ago.

    Once called the 'crown jewel of F1' by the sport's supremo Bernie Ecclestone, the Marina Bay street race will be held for the fifth time this year - the last under its current contract with Formula One Management (FOM).

    If the deal is not renewed, Singapore will have to serve notice by staging another two races. Talks are still ongoing, but race promoters Singapore GP say it is business as usual.

    And business has been good.
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    Default NTU scientists develop microchip that is faster than Bluetooth

    Published on May 24, 2012


    By Feng Zengkun

    Scientists at Nanyang Technological University have come up with a microchip that can transfer data wirelessly more than 1,000 times faster than Bluetooth.

    The chip could be used in mobile devices such as smartphones to transfer movies and songs in seconds,

    A typical two-hour movie, for example, would take just half a minute to transfer between phones equipped with the chip.

    The scientists' work has gotten 16 patents around the world and has been featured in 51 science journals and conference papers.

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